, also spelled Navaho
, is both the name of a large Native American nation
surrounding Four Corners
and the name for its people. The Navajo are closely related to the Apache
. The Hopi
live on an indian reservation
within the Navajo reservation (Navajo Nation
). Navajo call themselves Diné
, a term from the Navajo language
. The Navajo language is itself of some interest, and due to its high complexity it was used as a form of cryptography
by the US military in the second world war; see codetalkers
Navajo has several difficult consonants and consonant clusters. It is tonal; vowels have high or low tone, and if long can also rise or fall. Tone is indicated in writing by an acute accent; nasality is indicated by a mark under the vowel.
A few Navaho (and Hopi) live on the Colorado River Indian Tribes reservation along the Colorado River in western Arizona. For information see Mohave.